A carburetor performs two main functions in the motor.
- The first is to spray and mix fuel with air. This process takes place as follows: an air jet is introduced into the fuel jet at high pressure and the first one is atomized due to the difference in speed. And it is necessary to clearly separate what the carb sprays, and not evaporate fuel. The latter occurs already in the motor cylinder and inlet manifold.
- Another task is to create an optimal fuel-air mixture ratio to ensure efficient combustion. Basically, this ratio is 14.7 parts of air to 1 part of fuel.
However, it varies, for example, to drive at high speeds, accelerate and start a cold motor requires an enriched mixture (less than 14.7:1). To drive at medium speed or to start an already warm engine, a depleted mixture is required (air quantity must exceed 14.7 parts). In general, these values range from 8:1 to 22:1.
This car assembly consists of the following elements: float chamber, throttle valve, atomizer vial, and diffuser. The circuit of the carb or rather the principle of its operation, looks like this. Fuel (from the fuel tank) flows through a special hose and flows into the float chamber, where there is a brass hollow float, which uses a shut-off needle to regulate its quantity. But as soon as you start the motor the fuel will be consumed and the level will drop accordingly, along with the float and the locking needle.
Next, come the jets, through which the fuel from the float chamber goe s into the atomizer. Thanks to an air cushion in which the diffuser is located, external air also enters the cylinder. To ensure the maximum air velocity, the atomizer is installed in the narrowest part of the diffuser.
Throttle dampers control the amount of fuel that enters the cylinder. In cars, the throttle valves are driven by the foot drive, in motorcycles – by hand.
What is a Holley trick kit?
Due to the fact that modern carburetors are becoming very complex and poorly understood units, fuel injection systems are becoming increasingly common. At the same time, even the cheapest conversion of the power system from carburetor to injector costs several times more than a good carburetor. Most everyday cars with V8 engines use 4-chamber carburetors.
4-chamber carburetors provide good engine performance in all modes. With a small throttle opening and in standard driving mode, the engine runs on the front two cameras. This keeps the airflow through the carburetor relatively high for optimum mixing with the fuel. When the accelerator pedal is pressed almost to the floor, the two rear cameras open, making the carburetor a high flow device.
There are several basic types of popular 4-camera carburetors. Conventional 4-camera carburetors have hole sizes for primary and secondary cameras that are roughly equal to each other. These carburetors are common and are well suited for most applications.
Holley has two main options for four-chamber carbs:
- 4160 is, as a rule, the vacuum drive of secondary chambers, the accelerator pump only on primary chambers, as a rule, the calibrated plate instead of jaclers on secondary chambers. (Accordingly, the 4160 is easily identifiable by the presence of a vacuum aperture on the left side)
- 4150, aka Double Pumper, is usually a mechanical drive of secondary chambers, two accelerator pumps for primary and secondary chambers, a full metering unit of jaclers on the secondary chambers.
Holley Trick Kits are the inexpensive way to fuel slosh in your carb. The kits contain all of the necessary parts to do a complete rebuild on your Holley carb, including a vent baffle, high-flow needle, and seat assemblies, high-capacity power valves, pump cam, and secondary opening spring assortments, gaskets, and O-rings. Plus, they have extra parts related to carburetor calibration that is required in order to accomplish a real performance tune. These kits include accelerator pump discharge nozzles and extra gaskets.
How do I identify a Holley carb?
The list number is the main way to identify your carb. It’s like a “VIN” for your carburetor. VIN is usually hand-stamped on the front of the choke tower to the right of the vent tube on Holley carbs. The list number typically is four to six digits long and may or may not have a suffix number behind it. The date code will be right below it. Additional information about the model, CFM, factory jets, power-valve size, and air bleeds can be found out just by knowing your list number.
What CFM is Holley 8105b?
The list number lets you know important things like product design, model, cfm, factory jets, power valve size, air bleeds and everything in between.This is all-important information to have when you’re selecting a rebuild kit or ordering your service parts. The list number for these carbs should be hand stamped on the front of the choke tower to the right of the vent tube.
Generally, the list number is 4-6 digits long and may have a suffix number such as 3310 or 80508-1. The 3-4 digit date code is stamped directly below the list number and in some cases, you may even be an OEM part number stamped above both of these numbers if it was a factory part. Be careful not to confuse the casting number with the list number.
Holley casting numbers have an alphanumeric sequence such as 6r1234 this is not the list number. The casting numbers are alphanumerical and can be identified by the fact that they are raised or cast into the part and not stamped. Thus, you will find out that Holley 8105b is 600 CFM.
What is a Holley 650 double pumper?
This model of carb has the square bore flange bolt pattern. It can be installed instead of Holley, Edelbrock, Carter AFB, and Autolite style carburetors with 5 3/16″ x 5 5/8″ bolt pattern. If you have a spread bore style intake manifold, an adapter should be used to install this carburetor. Similar to the Mr. Gasket #1932.